Manuscripts must be prepared in
accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to
Biomedical Journal" developed by International Committee of Medical
Journal Editors (October 2001). The uniform requirements and specific
requirement of Indian Journal of Dental Sciences are summarised below.
Before sending a manuscript contributors are requested to check for the
latest instructions available.
The Editorial Process
The manuscripts will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding
that they are being submitted to one journal at a time and have not been
published, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication
The Editors review all submitted manuscripts initially. Manuscripts with
insufficient originality, serious scientific flaws, or absence of importance
of message are rejected. The journal will not return the unaccepted manuscripts.
Other manuscripts are sent to two or more expert reviewers without revealing
the identity of the authors to the reviewers. Within a period of eight
to ten weeks, the contributors will be informed about the reviewers' comments
and acceptance/rejection of manuscript. Articles accepted would be copy
edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. Page proofs
will be sent to the first author, which has to be returned within five
days. Correction received after that period may not be included. All manuscripts
received are duly acknowledged.
Types of Manuscripts and word limits
Original research articles
Randomised controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening
and diagnostic test, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control
series, and surveys with high response rate. Up to 2500 words excluding
references and abstract.
Up to 1000 words excluding references and abstract and up to 8 references.
A short communication contains only a short report of the case (only pertinent
details) and a short discussion and references upto a maximum of 8. Number
of figures should be restricted to a maximum of 6.
Only New / interesting / very rare cases can be reported. Cases with clinical
significance or implications will be given priority, whereas, mere reporting
of a rare case may not be considered. Up to 2000 words excluding references
and abstract and up to 10 references.
Systemic critical assessments of literature and data sources. Up to 3500
words excluding references and abstract.
Letter to the Editor
Should be short, decisive observation. They should not be preliminary
observations that need a later paper for validation. Up to 400 words and
Announcements of conferences, meetings, courses, awards, and other items
likely to be of interest to the readers should be submitted with the name
and address of the person from whom additional information can be obtained.
Up to 100 words.
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all
those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated
sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate
portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility
for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published
article. The name and order of the authors cannot be changed once the
article is provisionally accepted.
Authorship credit should be based only on
Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of
data, or analysis and interpretation of data;
Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual
Final approval of the version to be published.
Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Acquisition of funding, the collection
of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves,
do not justify authorship.
The order of authorship on the byline should be a joint decision of the
co-authors. Authors should be prepared to explain the order in which authors
are listed. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written
consent of all the authors.
For a study carried out in a single institute, the number of authors should
not exceed six. For a case-report and for a review article, the number
of authors should not exceed four. For short communication, the number
of authors should not be more than three. A justification should be included,
if the number of authors exceeds these limits.
Only those who have done substantial work in a particular field can write
a review article. A short summary of the work done by the authors (s)
in the field of review should accompany the manuscript. The journal expects
the authors to give post-publication updates on the subject of review.
The update should be brief, covering the advances in the field after the
publication of article and should be sent as letter to editor, as and
when major development occur in the field.
Sending the Manuscript to the Journal
Articles should be submitted online from http://www.ijds.in.
First Page File: Prepare the title page, covering letter,
acknowledgement, etc., using a word processor program. All information
which can reveal your identity should be here. Do not zip the files.
Article file: The main text of the article, beginning
from Abstract till References (including tables) should be in this file.
Do not include any information such as acknowledgement, your names in
page headers, etc., in this file. Do not zip the files. Limit the file
size to 400 kb. Do not incorporate images in the file. If the file size
is large, graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating
them in the article file to reduce the size of the file.
Images: Submit good quality color images. Each image
should be less than 400 kb in size. Size of the image can be reduced by
decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep up to 1024x760
pixels or 5 inches). All image formats (jpeg, tiff, gif, bmp, png, eps,
etc.) are acceptable; jpeg is most suitable. Do not zip the files
Legends: Legends for the figures/images should be included
at the end of the article file.
The authors' form and copyright transfer form has to be submitted to the
editorial office by post, in original with the signatures of all the authors
within two weeks of online submission. Images related to the articles
should be sent in a 'compact disc' or as hard copies to the journal office
at the time of acceptance of the manuscript. These images should of high
resolution and exceptional quality.
Dr. Vikas Jindal (Editor in Chief)
Indian Journal Of Dental Sciences
Himachal Dental College
Sunder Nagar, H.P
Preparation of the Manuscript
The manuscripts should be typed in A4 size (212 × 297 mm) paper,
with margins of 25 mm (1 inch) from all the four sides. Use 1.5 spacing
throughout. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page.
The language should be British English.
Title Page : The title page should carry
Type of manuscript
The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative;
Running title or short title not more than 50 characters;
Name of the authors (the way it should appear in the journal), with his
or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation; The name
of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed;
The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers, and e-mail address
of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript;
The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts
separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and
abstract). Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs,
or all of these; and If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting,
the organisation, place, and exact date on which it was read.
The second page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract
(of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief reports and 250 words
for original articles). The abstract should be structured and state the
Context (Background), Aims, Settings and Design, Methods and Material,
Statistical analysis used, Results and Conclusions. Below the abstract
should provide 3 to 10 key word.
State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study
Describe the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients
or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age,
sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Identify the
methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses),
and procedures in sufficient detail. Give references to established methods,
including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions
for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe
new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and
evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals
used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
Reports of randomised clinical trials should present information on all
major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions
(methods of randomisation, concealment of allocation to treatment groups),
and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT statement (Moher
D, Schulz KF, Altman DG: The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations
for Improving the Quality of Reports of Parallel-Group Randomized Trials.
Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:657-662, also available at http://www.consort-statement.org/).
Authors submitting review manuscripts should include a section describing
the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesising
data. These methods should also be summarised in the abstract.
When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures
followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible
committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with
the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at http://www.wma.net/e/policy/17-c_e.html).
Do not use patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially
in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate
whether the institution's or a national research council's guide for,
or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators
of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Report
losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Put a
general description of methods in the Methods section. When data are summarized
in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyse
them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such
as 'random' (which implies a randomising device), 'normal', 'significant',
'correlations', and 'sample'. Define statistical terms, abbreviations,
and most symbols. Use upper italics (P < 0.05).
Present the results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations.
Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations;
emphasise or summarise only important observations.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions
that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material
given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion
section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including
implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant
In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic
benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and
analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been
completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them
as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.
As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify
1. contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship,
such as general support by a departmental chair;
2. acknowledgments of technical help; and
3. acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify
the nature of the support. This should be the last page of the manuscript.
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they
are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references
in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. References
cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance
with the sequence established by the first identification in the text
of the particular table or figure. Use the style of the examples below,
which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles
of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index
Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals. Avoid
using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted
but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations"
with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal
communication" unless it provides essential information not available
from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of
communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific
articles, contributors should obtain written permission and confirmation
of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. If the number
of authors is more than six, list the first six authors followed by et
Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.
Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.
Type or print out each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of
paper. If the table must be continued, repeat the title on a second sheet
followed by "(contd.)".
Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their
first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.
Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each
Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables
and provide a credit line in the footnote.
For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †,
‡, §, ¦, *,*, ††, ‡‡
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which
they have been first cited in the text.
Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with
the background and should marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue
overlay and not by pen.
Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations
not on the illustrations themselves.
When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data
on which they are based should also be supplied.
The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted
If photographs of people are used, either the subjects must not be identifiable
or their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the
If a figure has been published, acknowledge the original source and submit
written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material.
A credit line should appear in the legend for figures for such figures.
The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the
photographs to an acceptable size.
For online submission
Submit good quality color images.
Each image should be less than 100 kb in size. Size of the image can be
reduced by decreasing the actual height and width of the images (keep
up to 400 pixels or 3 inches).\
All image formats (jpeg, tiff, gif, bmp, png, eps, etc.) are acceptable;
jpeg is most suitable.
The images should be scanned at 72 dpi, size not more than 3x4 inches
(or 300x400 pixels), with only the necessary portion of the photographs.
Wherever necessary, scan at greyscale (e.g. x-rays, ECGs). For hard copies
(to be submitted only after acceptance of the manuscript)
Send sharp, glossy, un-mounted, colour photographic prints, with height
of 4 inches and width of 6 inches.
Each figure should have a label pasted (avoid use of liquid gum for pasting)
on its back indicating the number of the figure, the running title, top
of the figure and the legends of the figure. Do not write the contributor/s'
name/s. Do not write on the back of figures, scratch, or mark them by
using paper clips.
Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size. The
lettering for figures should be large enough to be legible after reduction
to fit the width of a printed column. For soft copies (to be submitted
only after acceptance of the manuscript)
Use a Compact Disc. There should be no other document, file, or material
on the disc other than the images.
Label the disc with first authors' name, short title of the article, type
of image (eg. Jpeg, tiff), and file name.
Legends for Illustrations
Type or print out legends (maximum 40 words, excluding the credit line)
for illustrations using double spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding
to the illustrations.
When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of
the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend.
Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.
Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy.
Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions,
photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information
is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian)
gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this
purpose requires that the patient be shown the manuscript to be published.
When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the
article and copy of the consent should be attached with the covering letter.
Sending a revised manuscript
While submitting a revised manuscript, contributors are requested to include,
along with single copy of the final revised manuscript, a photocopy of
the revised manuscript with the changes underlined in red and copy of
the comments with the point to point clarification to each comment. The
manuscript number should be mentioned without fail.
The authors' form and copyright transfer form has to be submitted in
original with the signatures of all the contributors at the time of submission
of revised copy.
Article printing charges
Looking to the high cost of printing and the need to maintain the high
standards of this indexed journal, it is the editorial policy to charge
for publication cost of the article from the author(s). The details of
printing charges are as follows:
For Indian authors:
For Review, Original Research and Case Reports- INR 5000/- for
For Short Communication- INR 4500/- for printing.
For Foreign authors:
For Review, Original Research and Case Reports- US$ 150 or Euro
110 or equivalent for printing.
For Short Communication- US$ 140 or Euro 100 or equivalent for
The whole of the literary matter is the copyright of the Editorial Board.
The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide,
perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute,
perform and display the work (either in pre-print or post-print format)
publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium
for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution
of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the
right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial
use. The copyright form duly signed by all the authors should be submitted
immediately after submitting the manuscript
Manuscript Title _____________________________________
Manuscript Number _____________________________
I / We certify that I/we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual
content, conception and design of this work or the analysis and interpretation
of the data (when applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript,
to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have my/our name
listed as a contributor. I/we believe the manuscript represents valid
work. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content
under my/our authorship has been published or is being considered for
publication elsewhere, except as described in the covering letter. I/we
certify that all the data collected during the study is presented in this
manuscript and no data from the study has been or will be published separately.
I/we attest that, if requested by the editors, I/we will provide the data/information
or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data/information
on which the manuscript is based, for examination by the editors or their
assignees. Financial interests, direct or indirect, that exist or may
be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the
content of this paper have been disclosed in the cover letter. Sources
of outside support of the project are named in the cover letter.
I/We hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright
ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively
to the Indian Journal of Dental Science, in the event that such work is
published by the Indian Journal of Dental Science. The Indian Journal
of Dental Science shall own the work, including 1) copyright; 2) the right
to grant permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with
or without fee; 3) the right to produce preprints or reprints and translate
into languages other than English for sale or free distribution; and 4)
the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other
mechanical or electronic format.
We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes
as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on
our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on
All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported
in the manuscript, but who are not authors, are named in the Acknowledgment
and have given me/us their written permission to be named. If I/we do
not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial
contributions from non-authors and no author has been omitted.
Name Signature Date signed
1 ------------- --------------- ------------
2 ------------- --------------- ------------
3 ------------- --------------- ------------
(up to three authors for short communication)
4 ------------- --------------- ------------
(up to four authors for case report/review)
5 ------------- --------------- ------------
6 ------------- --------------- ------------
(up to six authors for original studies from single centre)
(to be tick marked, as applicable and one copy attached with the manuscript)
Manuscript Title ______________________________________________
Signed by all contributors
Previous publication / presentations mentioned
Source of funding mentioned
Conflicts of interest disclosed
Middle name initials provided
Author for correspondence, with e-mail address provided
Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute
in material and methods, citing previous study as 'our study', names on
figure labels, name of institute in photographs, etc.)
Presentation and format
Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides
Title page contains all the desired information (vide supra)
Running title provided (not more than 50 characters)
Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript
Abstract provided (not more than 150 words for case reports and 250 words
for original articles)
Structured abstract provided for an original article
Key words provided (three or more)
Key messages provided
Introduction of 75-100 words
Headings in title case (not ALL CAPITALS)
References cited in superscript in the text without brackets
References according to the journal's instructions, punctuation marks
Language and grammar
Uniformly British English
Abbreviations spelt out in full for the first time
Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out
Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out
Tables and Figures
No repetition of data in tables and graphs and in text
Actual numbers from which graphs drawn, provided
Figures necessary and of good quality (colour)
Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman)
Labels pasted on back of the photographs (no names written)
Figure legends provided (not more than 40 words)
Patients' privacy maintained (if not permission taken)
Credit note for borrowed figures/tables provided
Manuscript provided on a floppy (with single spacing)