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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Periodontal health status, oral mucosal lesions, and adverse oral habits among rubber factory workers of Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, PDM Dental College, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India
2 Department of Periodontics, PDM Dental College, Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, NIMS Dental College, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Jan Nayak Ch. Devilal Dental College, Sirsa, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Savita Solanki
PDM Dental College, Bahadurgarh, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_82_18

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Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease, oral mucosal lesions, and tobacco usage among rubber factory workers of Bahadurgarh, Haryana, India. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a total sample size of 3290 workers with an age group of 19–60 years old. Tobacco-related habits, periodontal health, and oral mucosal lesions were recorded using the modified World Health Organization pro forma (1997). Descriptive statistics, Pearson Chi-square, and one-way analysis of variance were used. Results: Higher tobacco usage frequency (78.28%) in both forms smoking and smokeless was found. The prevalence of periodontal disease and oral mucosal lesions was 87.4% and 41.24%, respectively, among the study population. The most common oral mucosal lesion found was leukoplakia (10.13%), followed by oral submucous fibrosis (4.67%) among the 50–60 years age group. The most commonly involved site in the present study for the occurrence of oral mucosal lesions is buccal mucosa (30.5%), followed by vestibular region (22.3%), tongue (16.1%), labial mucosa (10.3%), and palate (9.7%), whereas floor of mouth (6.4%) and commissures (4.7%) were the least involved. Conclusions: The findings of this study provided an insight into the periodontal health status, adverse oral habits, and the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions of factory workers, which may be useful in planning oral health programs and free services for tobacco cessation and dental treatment, especially to this industrial sector.

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