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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 276-281

Functional appliances


Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Sri Muktsar Sahib, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Anil Prashar
H. No. NN 422, Gopal Nagar, Jalandhar - 144 008, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_65_16

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The purpose of this review is to evaluate the previous studies that describe the effects of functional appliances and their efficiency in treating class II malocclusion. This review is limited to three appliances: activator, bionator, and twin-block appliances.


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