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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 210-214

An overview of caries risk assessment: Rationale, risk indicators, risk assessment methods, and risk-based caries management protocols


1 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, BJS Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, BJS Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
3 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Kothamangalam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Ekta Singh Suneja
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, BJS Dental College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJDS.IJDS_49_17

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The paradigm shift in our understanding of the dynamic, multifactorial nature of dental caries and the resultant change in caries preventive and treatment strategies necessitates that caries risk assessment (CRA) should be an integral part of any caries management protocol. This review discusses the rationale for CRA and the role various risk indicators play in the fluctuating demineralization-remineralization cycle of dental caries. It also provides an overview of different CRA methods and a risk-based clinical protocol for dental caries management in infants and children.


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