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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12-15

Gingival biotype assessment: Variations in gingival thickness with regard to age, gender, and arch location

1 Department of Periodontics, Private Practice, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Seema Dental College and Hospital, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Dentistry, SEGi University, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Vipin Agarwal
67, Sona Enclave, Near Food Plaza, Modinagar, Ghaziabad - 201 204, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-4003.201639

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Background: An adequate width of the attached gingiva helps in maintaining esthetics and proper plaque control. A thin gingiva may lead to recession after trauma or surgical and inflammatory injuries, thus sufficient thickness of the attached gingiva is desirable. Studies have shown considerable intra- and inter-examiner variation in both width and thickness of attached gingiva, which might be due to the presence of different gingival biotypes present in the adult population. By ascertaining gingival thickness, we can diagnose periodontal diseases and plan a proper treatment which is important for a good prognosis. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate the variations in the thickness of gingiva with respect to age, gender, and location in the dental arch. Materials and Methods: A total of 90 (45 males and 45 females) periodontally healthy subjects were divided into three different age groups. These individuals were examined for their gingival thickness in the maxillary and mandibular arches. Results: It was observed that the thickness of gingiva significantly decreased with age in both the arches and was significantly higher in females than males. The maxillary arch had thicker gingiva as compared to mandibular arch. Conclusion: In the present study, we concluded that the thickness of the gingiva varies with age, gender, and arch location.

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