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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 205-207

Investigation of bacteremia after separator placement


1 Department of Orthodontics, BJS Dental College and Research Institute, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College, Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Christian Dental College, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Anjuman Preet Kaur Dua
78-C, BRS Nagar, Ludhiana - 141 012, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-4003.196804

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Background: Simple orthodontic procedure such as separator placement can be associated with the occurrence of transient bacteraemia. Use of clorhexidine before separator placement has been recommended as a measure to decrease the bacteraemia. Aim: The purpose of this study was to detect the presence of transient bacteremia after separator placement following use of 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash. Methodology: The study group consisted of 27 adult patients who reported for orthodontic treatment (18 males and 9 females). The patients were asked to rinse their mouth for 60 sec with 15 mL of 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash before the separator placement. An aseptic technique was used to draw out 5 ml of blood was from either the left or right antecubital fossa immediately before orthodontic separator placement (as control group), and the second 5 ml sample was taken 1–2 min after the placement of separators mesial and distal to all the first molars. All the blood samples were inoculated into culture bottles containing Brain Heart Infusion and incubated aerobically for 7 days. Media used for bacterial growth is chocolate agar and MacConkey agar. Results: From a total of 27 patients and 54 samples, none of the sample was found positive for bacteremia. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that there is no bacteremia after the placement of separators following the use of chlorhexidine mouthwash.


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